How to Stop Muscle Cramps in their Tracks through rehabilitation physiotherapy

You may find this interesting to know that you have over 600 muscles in your body. From a functional perspective, these muscles control everything you do, from breathing to putting food in your mouth to swallowing.

Medically, a cramp is a spontaneous surge of electrical activity over a large number of skeletal muscle fibers, which quickly develops into a painful, sustained contraction (muscle spasm). 

This article will help you understand:

  • what causes muscle cramps are in details
  • how the problem develops
  • what the different physiotherapy treatments

The Anatomy:

What parts of the body are involved?

The muscles consist of many fibers that are bundled together to form a structure. You have the bigger, more frequently used muscles that have more fibers, and then the smaller, lesser-used ones. From the functional aspect, some muscles are voluntary, and some are involuntary muscles.  

Voluntary muscles are the one group that we move by choice (for example, the muscles in your arms and legs).

 These muscles are connected to bones by tendons. Involuntary muscles, or smooth muscles, are the ones that move on their own (for example, the muscles that control your diaphragm, heart).

When it comes to muscle spasm treatment, the most commonly affected muscles are the calf muscles (gastrocnemius), the muscles in your upper arms (triceps), the muscles behind your thighs (the hamstrings ), and the muscles in front of your thighs (the quadriceps).


What causes muscle cramps?

Typically, there are two kinds of cramps— Exercise-Associated Muscle Cramps (EAMC) and the Nocturnal Cramps. EAMC occurs during/post-exercise, and nocturnal cramps occur at nighttime sleep.

Potential causes of EAMC and nocturnal are:

  • Overuse of the muscles that reduces fiber lengthening between contractions.
  • Change in neuromuscular control.
  • When recovery time is less than expected 
  • Electrolyte loss through sweating during exercise.
  • Pregnancy.

Apart from that, some of the medical conditions could be responsible for muscles cramps all over the body :

  • Peripheral vascular disease.
  • Uremia – raised levels of urea and other nitrogenous waste in the blood.
  • Diabetes.
  • Thyroid dysfunction.
  • Alpha motor neuron disorders. 


How do you know it’s a muscle cramp?

As you may already know, muscle cramps are painful.  However, you know you need rehabilitation physiotherapy when the symptoms of muscle cramps show up quickly and intensely. They can be so strong that you may have to stop what you’re doing. As it turns out, the occurrence of muscle soreness makes you quit daily activities.

However, the most obvious sign is the sudden,  acute pain in the affected muscle or muscles.

If it’s a large muscle that is involved, like the one in the calf of your leg, you may be able to feel a knot like a thing, or a hard lump in the muscle, just under the skin.

The situation often happens when you are just getting started with your exercise therapy, and you are obese to start rehabilitation physiotherapy then.

How does rehabilitation physiotherapy help relieve the pain from muscle cramps?

Generally speaking,  people understand that they are experiencing a muscle cramp, so they don’t seek immediate medical help to find out what is that and what caused that. However, sometimes muscle cramps are more critical when they are frequent, lengthy, and painful. If an illness is a cause, rather than overexertion, it’s crucial to find out the driving force. The hypothesis helps apply different physiotherapy treatments.

At PhysioExperts, we work closely with our dietitians, and we would often refer our clients to them if we believe the cause of your cramps is a diet/lifestyle origin. 

It is always helpful to seek the advice of an expert regarding repeated episodes of cramps. During rehabilitation physiotherapy, they may organize further assessment, treatment plans, blood tests.


If you are experiencing muscle cramps due to illness, or due to any other reason, our physiotherapy and rehabilitation centre is here to help you get rid of that. You may request an appointment with us to know more.

Core Stability: What is it and Why is it important in rehabilitation physiotherapy

What Is “Core”?

There are many misconceptions among people about specifics of Core. They are of the notion that the core is simply the abdominal muscles or the “6-pack” abs. However, the concept of the core is much more than what they think, and it’s very crucial to have an accurate idea. This helps in fruitful rehabilitation physiotherapy.

Technically, the core area of the body is your midsection, and it involves all of the muscles in that area that makes up the torso. Commonly, these are on the front, the sides, and the back of the body. More specifically, the core includes the muscles that stabilize the hips and shoulders.

Do you need more clarity about the concept of “Core stability”?

In this article, we are going to clarify the same thing and guide you about how our physiotherapy and rehabilitation centre could help you achieve core stability.

 What’s the importance of Core stability for health?

In a more generalized term, the core is at the center of your body, and it encompasses your abs, hips, back, and chest.  The underneath muscles work as stabilizers for the entire body.  Consequently, rehabilitation physiotherapy in the form of core training is all about doing specific exercises to develop and strengthen these stabilizer muscles.

Let’s walk you through the benefits of having a strong core.

The following are the takeaways with a strong core:

  • Improve the balance and stability

 Core training exercise helps the muscles in your pelvis, lower back, hips, and abdomen to work together.

  • Eliminate back pain

Having a strong core eliminates the recurring occurrence of back pain. 

  • Upright Posture

An upright posture can help you sit and stand for long periods.

What are the conditions for rehabilitation physiotherapy and Core Training?

Improving core stability could be part of the rehabilitation physiotherapy, where people are under the following health conditions.

  • If you are suffering from chronic conditions such as back pain, you may require core training for recovery
  • If you had a ligament or muscle sprain
  • Recovery from an injury
  • Optimal spinal stabilization
  • Patients who have undergone a recent joint surgery

Apart from that,  as we grow older, we tend to lose a significant amount of muscle mass. Things get worse when most of the individuals spend their day seated in the office doing little or no physical activity at all. With that said, it is beneficial to adopt a stringent workout routine that focuses on these highly useful muscles.

Additionally, if you are someone who is on the way to recover from a recent injury, and in dire need for exercise prescription and rehabilitation physiotherapy home service, you may need to take the step. Consider visiting us at our physiotherapy and rehabilitation centre in Ottawa.

The special case of how osteoarthritis (OA) can affect the core stability

There has been various research about how lower extremity injuries may diminish core stability measures. In fact, osteoarthritis is a degenerative joint disease where the knee is the most common site for OA.

As per the international journal of Therapies and Rehabilitation research, there have been correlations of hip activity and core stability.

The outcome was that the core stability measures the hip abductor and external rotator strength along with the functional activity level in knee osteoarthritis Treatment.

Now that you know the chronic osteoarthritis could be prevented, we would want to give some of the glimpses about how Physio Experts can help you build Core Stability as a part of osteoarthritis Treatment in Ottawa.

How does rehabilitation physiotherapy help with osteoarthritis and Core stability?

Different rehabilitation physiotherapy treatments for OA include cardio and water-based exercise (swimming). The different physiotherapy treatments are strength training, weight management, self-management, and maintaining a physically active lifestyle. 

To be more specific, we would introduce exercise therapy in your osteoarthritis Treatment in Ottawa to manage the knee, hips, and hand OA. 


For more information about osteoarthritis Treatment in Ottawa, you need to get in touch with us at Physio Expert’s physiotherapy and rehabilitation centre.

What are the Manual Therapy Techniques and how do they work?

Many a time, you can sustain an injury which may limit your joint range of motion.  In such cases, one of the best option for you is to go for manual therapy. It is one of the skillful ways to use hands-on techniques by a licenced provider to adjust the movements of joints and soft tissues in your body. This help you improve tissue extensibility which help you recover your range of motion to pre-injury level, and thus improving overall body function.

Physiotherapy treatment decreases symptoms such as edema, pain, spasm and swelling. Overall it enhances your health, wellness, and fitness to maintain physical performance. 

When you should go for manual therapy?

Here are some of the conditions under which you may want to avail the benefits of manual therapy: 

  • Neck pain due to muscle spasm, wrong posture.
  • Lower back pain that occurs due to muscular imbalance/tightness, postural, facet joint restriction.
  • Thoracic pain due to disc herniation, or rib restriction.
  • Recurring migraines or headaches
  • Fibromyalgia
  • Temporal mandibular joint (TMJ) dysfunction
  • Shoulder conditions like frozen shoulder, rotator cuff injury, tendonitis, bursitis
  • Hip pain due to hip impingement or post-surgical hip replacement, or myofascial hip pain
  • Knee pain as a result of post-surgical knee replacement, or conditions like iliotibial band syndrome, patellofemoral dysfunction.
  • Ankle pain due to conditions like ankle sprains/strains, arthritis.

Manual therapy techniques 

Manual therapy techniques are suitable for connective tissues and helps alleviate muscle aches. It also helps restore normal mobility to provide symptom relief in acute, sub-acute, and chronic pain conditions.

Here are some of the manual therapy techniques that help you restore your health position.

Soft Tissue Manipulation

Many a time, strenuous asctivity can cause muscular tiughtness and thereby causing wear and tear in soft tissues. As it turns out, even after the restoration process, the muscle spasms continue. In such cases, we may need to address the muscle tension, or else it may cause muscualar dysfunction.

Soft tissue manipulation works through the application of pressure to break the inelastic or fibrous muscular tissue (called ‘myofascial adhesions’). Typically, these are the scar tissues from injury to muscle fibres.

Pain Rehabilitation Techniques

One of the benefits of these manual therapy techniques is that it helps correct the abnormal neuromuscular reflexes.  The abnormality leads to structural and postural problems, which results in painful ‘tender points’.

During physiotherapy treatment, the patient is held in a comfortable position for some time. Gradually, some intensity of asymptomatic strain is induced through mild stretching. Slowly, the body is brought out of that position. As a result, this allows the muscles to regain a usual status.

Your practitioner may decide to use these techniques for back problems that are too acute or too delicate to treat with other procedures.

Joint Mobilization

A manual therapy technique that involves joint mobilization can be used for patients who suffer from spasm in the back muscles or other connective ligaments and tendons. This technique includes loosening up the restricted joint and increasing its range of motion by providing slow velocity and increasing distance of movement. The movement propagates through the barrier of a joint to the actual bone surfaces.

Muscle Energy Techniques

Muscle energy techniques help improve muscle tightness. It also helps lengthen shortened muscles. Your physiotherapy treatment may include the application of a distinctly controlled counterforce. The force applies specifically in a particular direction, from a precise position. The procedure may be repeated two or more times.


Currently, if you or anyone you know are suffering from acute or chronic pain; and are looking for relief, you may need to take a quick step ahead to avoid further aggravation. For your specific needs, let’s get in touch and discuss which one, among all manual therapy techniques, suits you.  At PhysioExperts Physiotherapy Clinic, Kanata we incorporate manual therapy into physiotherapy treatment to help optimize your recovery.  

PhysioExperts Physiotherapy Centre is a Kanata-based clinic providing one-on-one appointments with registered physiotherapists. Our team strives to deliver the highest quality of care. As such, we take our time to fully understand your situation, so that you can make a full and effective recovery. Our facility is always clean and includes free parking for your convenience. We are open early in the morning to late evening, with on-call options on Saturdays. For more information, check out our reviews.

The scope of physiotherapy for clients

That’s a common query among people, “what is rehabilitation physiotherapy and what’s the scope?” Rehabilitation physiotherapy is a low risk, non-invasive care that works. The therapy is a holistic approach to treatment, looking at the client’s lifestyle. The treatment methods focus on the science of movements. 

Over the top, there is one thing that works for any client that is their attitude: positive, optimistic, determined.  

The analysis of the experts at the pediatric physiotherapy clinic for the past real case studies speaks the same statistics. We observe that this is consistent with all previous prognostic study findings. Clients with lower expectations for recovery were more likely to have poor outcomes compared with those with higher expectations. 

However, it’s important for a client to become as knowledgeable as possible regarding his/her condition, which could be a pain, injury or loss of function, etc.

In this article, we intend to speak about the basics of rehabilitation physiotherapy to help you understand, “what is it for real?”

Types of physiotherapy

Physiotherapists specialize in several different areas, including sports injury rehabilitation, children’s health (Paediatrics), neurology and women’s health. Here are some of the Physiotherapy treatments available at PhysioExperts

Musculoskeletal rehabilitation physiotherapy:

This deals with musculoskeletal injuries like strain, sprains, back pain, arthritis, fracture, dislocations, muscular imbalance, post-surgery rehabilitation, bursitis, posture problems, sports injuries, workplace injuries, and reduced mobility. 

Neurological physiotherapy:

It treats post brain surgery issues, disorders of the nervous system that includes stroke, spinal cord injury, acquired brain injury, multiple sclerosis, Alzheimer’s, Parkinson’s disease and other neurological conditions. 

Cardiothoracic physiotherapy:

This therapy finds use in asthma, chronic bronchitis, emphysema, and other cardio-respiratory disorders.

What techniques do physiotherapists use?

The most common physiotherapy techniques are:

Manual manipulation:

The rehabilitation physiotherapy includes mobilizing the joints and soft tissues. As a result, you are likely to experience improved flexibility, drain fluid from the body, and relax overly tight or muscles with spasms.

Electrical nerve stimulation:

Mostly, applied in back and neck pain Treatment in Ottawa, in this case, we splash small electrical currents to affected areas that help to suppress and block pain signals to the brain.


In this, we use acupuncture needles to stimulate the nervous system. As a result, it releases muscles, boosts the immune system, and regulates various body functions.

Women’s health concerns: 

In this care regime, we address health issues like pregnancy, birth, post-partum care, and menopause, loss of bladder or bowel control.


We help learn proper movement patterns to help heal them. In this way, people learn to assess their physical abilities.

Exercise programs:

In this technique, we use muscle strengthening, posture re-training, cardiovascular stretching, and training.

What are some benefits of having Physiotherapy?

• You will get valuable education in understanding how your body functions.
• You could avail of holistic treatment approaches that include manual therapy (soft tissue release, joint mobilization, and manipulation), exercise-based interventions, acupuncture, and shockwave therapy.
• You will see improvement in your movement capabilities to perform well in life, do recreation activities.

Is Physiotherapy only for athletes or the injured?

Every client who comes for Physiotherapy has different goals.

Rehabilitation physiotherapy is for the following people:

• Professional and Olympic athletes
• Recreational athletes and weekend warriors
• Infants, toddlers, and youth
• Any individual who wants to get back to their preinjury sports level

Is Physiotherapy painful?

For the usual sports injury rehabilitation, we may use manual therapy-based treatments or needling. These treatments are often a little uncomfortable, but should not be associated with any sharp pain.

Apart from that, most of the procedures are pain-free.


If you have issues with movement or injuries or are just seeking to optimize your health, why not check out our PhysioExperts Physiotherapy and rehabilitation center in Kanata/Ottawa.

Winter Sports injuries – How Physiotherapy can help you recover

Winter has already set foot in our lives. During this time, people often would be getting skis and snowboards ready for the slopes.

More so, winter sports are a great way to stay active during colder months, as long as you participate with common sense and caution.  But then, make a single stunt unsafe, and you may get injuries like knee sprains (ligament injuries) or strains (muscular injuries). We have statistics for the same. For skiers alone, there are estimates that the injury rates are approximately 2.5-3.0 per 1000 skier-days.

As a result, sports injury physiotherapy admits a surge among adventurous people.

The fact is that the common winter sports injuries include knee sprains, strains, dislocations, and fractures. Many of these injuries happen at the end of the day when people overwork to finish that one last round.

In this article, we want to show you “how rehabilitation physiotherapy could be your best shot” for a sports injury that is a common occurrence across summers.

Getting to know a few common injuries may help you avoid them and get the most out of your season:

Injuries can happen to anyone at any time, whether you’re on the ice or on the slopes.


A concussion is a common thing that can occur with skiing or snowboarding accidents. It can happen during any sport – anyone who falls while skating or playing hockey could be at risk of a brain injury.

Shoulder dislocation

If you fall onto an outstretched hand, you run the risk of dislocating your shoulder. In the worst case, putting off medical care for too long could also lead to a frozen, or immobile, shoulder.

Knee injuries

Our knees have to hold our body weight during various activities. Eventually, they have to absorb tremendous forces during an intense winter activity like skiing or skating. As such, sudden awkward movement may cause knee injuries like strains, sprains or patellar dislocations.

Anterior and posterior cruciate ligament (ACL/PCL) injuries

The PCL and ACL connect your thighbone (femur) to your shinbone (tibia). In the case of ligament tear, it causes pain, swelling, and instability. Eventually, ligament tear might be a vulnerable condition when left untreated.

Ankle sprains and fractures

Ankle movements happen during every session of snowboarding. The fracture may occur in the Talus bone – located above the heel bone on the outside of the ankle – this is widely known as snowboarder’s ankle.

It’s crucial to get immediate medical care followed by sports injury physiotherapy and stay off your feet.

How sports physiotherapy can help you recover with Sports-Related Injuries?

If you want to get back into the game, you need rehabilitation physiotherapy. As you visit our PhysioExpertds physiotherapy and rehabilitation center in Kanata, during the initial consultation session, we will study your case meticulously. 

Depending on the type of injury, we will create a sports injury physiotherapy treatment plan for the recovery. 

We will work with you to help reduce the initial stiffness and suggest movements to relieve some of the pain.

The important thing in our rehabilitation physiotherapy session is that we ensure you prevent any re-injury around the same area.

Some of the way’s sports injury physiotherapy can help include:

• Use of targeted exercises to help you return to your pre-injury strength and mobility
• Reducing your susceptibility to injuries in other areas of the body
• Increase your core muscle strength,
• Restore the balance of muscles in affected areas and adjacent areas

The sports rehabilitation physiotherapy sessions are suitable for all types of athletes, including collegiate, recreational, and professional. 

Choose a sports physiotherapist in Kanata to help with the following health issues:

• Post-Surgery Recovery
• Tears and Repairs
• Sprains and Strains

Schedule an Appointment with PhysioExperts physiotherapy and rehabilitation Centre in Kanata by calling (613) 672 6000 or visiting our website at

Do not let a sports injury take you out of the game for good. Instead, visit PhysioExperts for the best sports physiotherapists in Ottawa/Kanata. We can get you back into the game.