Orthopaedic physiotherapy is used to the treat injuries or disorders of the skeletal system which includes muscles, joints and ligaments. Orthopaedic Physiotherapy also focuses on pre and post-operative rehabilitation for muscular, skeletal and other soft tissue related surgeries.
Orthopaedic Physiotherapy uses evidence-based guidelines to help achieve normal levels of functioning, movement and biomechanical corrections. A clinical orthopaedic physiotherapist must carry out a detailed assessment and design a treatment program that is appropriate for your short-term and long-term goals.
The treatment objective of the orthopaedic physiotherapist is to increase joint range, flexibility, relieve pain and improve the strength of the patient.
Orthopaedic Physiotherapy treatments include the following:
- Interferential Therapy: An electrical current is delivered to the injured area via 2 or 4 electrodes this helps in relieving pain, reduces swelling and enhances the healing process.
- Ultrasound Therapy: An electrical device that produces ultrasonic waves is used. These waves cause a micro-massage once they reach the targeted area. This treatment is very helpful for soft tissue injuries.
- Dry-needling: This is a western medical technique which involves the insertion of fine needles into dysfunctional muscles which helps heal trigger points.
- Neurological: Muscular Stimulation: An electrical device with variable currents is applied using electrodes to strengthen the muscles.
- Manual therapy: This is a procedure that involves manual manipulation of joints to reduce pain and restore mobility. These procedures include, mobilization, manipulation, and other related techniques.
- Massage therapy: A massage ranging from light to strong pressure to break down scar tissue in muscle or ligaments.
- Taping for joint support/alignment: Taping techniques used to relieve pain and facilitate normal movement.
- Programme of Rehabilitation Exercises: These exercises are indented improve posture, increase the mobility of spine and joints, and strengthen the muscles that support the bones.
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